Category: Cardiology


The key to understanding syncope is understanding who is at high risk and who can go home. Over the years, numerous different studies have been done looking at this topic. The easy way to remember the approach to syncope is 6-6-6. There are 6 high risk EKG findings. 6 important risk factors, and 6 deadly syncope mimics (aka the “Rule of 15s”). Patients with these are at high risk for sudden death and typically need to be admitted, even if they sound like a “simple” case of “orthostatic” syncope.

STEMI (Critical Diagnosis)

We get hundreds of EKGs every day looking for ST elevation myocardial infarction. And when you finally see it, you have to know what to do. In 2013, the American Heart Association updated their STEMI management guidelines, and that is what we are learning about today. Make sure you understand the material in this episode, because you will only have 90 minutes to run through the algorithm when this EKG gets handed to you during your clerkship.

Chest Pain

Today I would like to teach you about the biggest, awesomest, most stereotypical chief complaint that there is in all of Emergency Medicine: chest pain. This is a huge topic on your shelf exam, and you really need to have an in-depth understanding of it to do well on your clerkship. HOWEVER, you have to start with the basic approach, and that is what this episode covers.