Category: Fluids, Endocrine, Electrolytes, Nutrition

DKA (Critical Diagnosis)

DKA is one of my favorite diagnoses to treat because it follows a nice, simple, algorithmic approach. These patients are incredibly sick, but your attending will be very impressed if you have an understanding of the basic protocol. The hardest thing to remember is that the blood sugar is the LEAST important part of DKA management. Dehydration, Hypokalemia, and Ketoacids play a much more important role.

Hyperkalemia (Critical Diagnosis)

Hyperkalemia is the single most important electrolyte abnormality you need to know for your clerkship. It is very deadly, and you need to act quickly or the patient will might go into cardiac arrest. If your patient has hyperkalemia, get and EKG and give calcium. That is the most important thing you need to remember for this week.